Excessive alcohol consumption has been associated with a decrease in testosterone levels. Chronic alcohol abuse can interfere with the endocrine system and impair testicular function.
Diets high in processed foods and added sugars may contribute to obesity and insulin resistance, both of which are linked to lower testosterone levels.
Some studies suggest that very high-carbohydrate diets, especially those with a low fat intake, may lead to lower testosterone levels
Soy contains compounds called phytoestrogens that may have estrogen-like effects. Some studies have suggested that excessive consumption of soy-based products may affect hormone balance, including testosterone levels.
Chronic sleep deprivation or poor sleep quality can lead to a decrease in testosterone levels. Aim for 7-9 hours of quality sleep per night to support overall health, including hormonal balance.
Chronic stress can elevate cortisol levels, a stress hormone that may interfere with testosterone production.